Bone sialoprotein and osteopontin in bone metastasis of osteotropic cancers Journal Article


Authors: Kruger, Thomas E; Miller, Andrew H; Godwin, Andrew K; Wang, Jinxi
Article Title: Bone sialoprotein and osteopontin in bone metastasis of osteotropic cancers
Abstract: The mechanisms underlying malignant cell metastasis to secondary sites such as bone are complex and no doubt multifactorial. Members of the small integrin-binding ligand N-linked glycoproteins (SIBLINGs) family, particularly bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteopontin (OPN), exhibit multiple activities known to promote malignant cell proliferation, detachment, invasion, and metastasis of several osteotropic cancers. The expression level of BSP and OPN is elevated in a variety of human cancers, particularly those that metastasize preferentially to the skeleton. Recent studies suggest that the "osteomimicry" of malignant cells is not only conferred by transmembrane receptors bound by BSP and OPN, but includes the "switch" in gene expression repertoire typically expressed in cells of skeletal lineage. Understanding the role of BSP and OPN in tumor progression, altered pathophysiology of bone microenvironment, and tumor metastasis to bone will likely result in development of better diagnostic approaches and therapeutic regimens for osteotropic malignant diseases.
Journal Title: Critical reviews in oncology/hematology
ISSN: 1879-0461
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2013
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