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Functional assessment of the acute local and distal transplantation of human neural stem cells after spinal cord injury Journal Article

Authors: Cheng Ivan; Mayle, Robert E; Cox, Christopher A; Park, Don Y; Smith, Robert L; Corcoran-Schwartz, Ian; Ponnusamy, Karthikeyan E; Oshtory, Rayshad; Smuck, Matthew W; Mitra Raj; Kharazi, Alexander I; Carragee, Eugene J
Article Title: Functional assessment of the acute local and distal transplantation of human neural stem cells after spinal cord injury
Alternate Title: The spine journal: official journal of the North American Spine Society
Journal Title: The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
Volume: 12
Issue: 11
ISSN: 1878-1632
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc.  
Date Published: 2012
Start Page: 1040
End Page: 1044
Notes: BACKGROUND CONTEXT Spinal cord injury can lead to severe functional impairments secondary to axonal damage, neuronal loss, and demyelination. The injured spinal cord has limited regrowth of damaged axons. Treatment remains controversial, given inconsistent functional improvement. Previous studies demonstrated functional recovery of rats with spinal cord contusion after transplantation of rat fetal neural stem cells. PURPOSE We hypothesized that acute transplantation of human fetal neural stem cells (hNSCs) both locally at the injury site as well as distally via intrathecal injection would lead to improved functional recovery compared with controls. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING Twenty-four adult female Long-Evans hooded rats were randomized into four groups with six animals in each group: two experimental and two control. Functional assessment was measured after injury and then weekly for 6 weeks using the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan Locomotor Rating Score. Data were analyzed using two-sample t test and linear mixed-effects model analysis. METHODS Posterior exposure and laminectomy at T10 level was used. Moderate spinal cord contusion was induced by the Multicenter Animal Spinal Cord Injury Study Impactor with 10-g weight dropped from a height of 25 mm. Experimental subjects received either a subdural injection of hNSCs locally at the injury site or intrathecal injection of hNSCs through a separate distal laminotomy. Controls received control media injection either locally or distally. RESULTS Statistically significant functional improvement was observed in local or distal hNSCs subjects versus controls (p=.034 and 0.016, respectively). No significant difference was seen between local or distal hNSC subjects (p=.66). CONCLUSIONS Acute local and distal transplantation of hNSCs into the contused spinal cord led to significant functional recovery in the rat model. No statistical difference was found between the two techniques.
KUMC Authors
  1. Rajorshi Mitra
    24 Mitra