A Walking School Bus program: impact on physical activity in elementary school children in Columbia, Missouri Journal Article


Authors: Sayers, Stephen P; Lemaster, Joseph W; Thomas, Ian M; Petroski, Gregory F; Ge, Bin
Article Title: A Walking School Bus program: impact on physical activity in elementary school children in Columbia, Missouri
Alternate Title: American journal of preventive medicine
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided Columbia MO with an Active Living by Design (ALbD) grant in 2003 to promote active living in the community. A separate project was funded in 2006 through RWJF's Active Living Research program. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether participation in a Walking School Bus (WSB) program increased or decreased active living in elementary school children residing in Columbia, in association with ALbD funding. METHODS: Objective measures of physical activity obtained using accelerometers were collected over 7 days in children participating in a WSB program and children in a nonparticipating comparison group. Differences in the percentage of time spent in moderate- to vigorous-intensity exercise (%MVPA) were compared between groups. RESULTS: Children in WSB programs showed no differences in %MVPA compared to children not participating in the WSB; however, when comparing the relationship of %MVPA and age, the slope of the regression line was steeper for those children not participating in the WSB. CONCLUSIONS: The ALbD intervention in Columbia did not result in measurable changes in physical activity in children participating in the Walking School Bus program, but there was a negative association between age and physical activity, and the slope of that regression line was affected by participation in the program.
Journal Title: American journal of preventive medicine
Volume: 43
Issue: 5 Suppl 4
ISSN: 1873-2607
Publisher: Unknown  
Date Published: 2012
Start Page: S384
End Page: 389
DOI/URL: